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Challenges and Opportunities for Management of Crop and Tree Diseases in Northern Ireland

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dc.contributor.author Rao, Juluri R.
dc.contributor.author Moore, John
dc.contributor.author Martin, Trevor
dc.contributor.author Nelson, David
dc.contributor.author Fleming, Colin
dc.date.accessioned 2020-12-17T15:44:11Z
dc.date.available 2020-12-17T15:44:11Z
dc.date.issued 2020-10-24
dc.identifier http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12518/201
dc.identifier.citation Rao, J. R., Moore, J., Martin, T., Nelson, D. and Fleming, C. (2020) ‘Challenges and Opportunities for Management of Crop and Tree Diseases in Northern Ireland’, Archives of Crop Science. Scholars.Direct, 4(1). doi: 10.36959/718/605. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2643-5772
dc.identifier.uri https://scholars.direct/Articles/crop-science/acrs-4-010.php?jid=crop-science
dc.description Publication history: Accepted - 22 October 2020; Published online - 24 October 2020. en_US
dc.description.abstract Phytopathogens have beleaguered the island of Ireland since the 19th century great famine caused by the potato blight oomycete, Phytophthora infestans and in recent times by cohorts of serious bacterial wilt diseases such as Erwinia, Dickeya, Ralstonia, and fungal wilt diseases predominantly caused by saprophyte fungi (e.g. Fusarium oxysporum, Pythium, Rhizoctonia) have all shown their growing resistance to various conventional chemical control agents, and create enormous impact on sustainable agriculture, further exacerbated by global climate change pressures. The plant health outlook in Northern Ireland has further been tested by emergent Europe wide agro-forestry related diseases including the recent broad host insect vector-borne Xanthamonas bacterial phytopathogen Xylella fastidiosa that can affect a wide array of ornamental, arable crops and tree species alike. This mini-review focuses on potential alternative plant extracts and microbial sources as agents broadly known as biostimulants for not only their growth promotion via plant and soil nutrient management but also controlling phytopathogens in Northern Ireland. The multi-actor approach comprising stake holders, plant health policy makers, farmers, plant health advisors, researchers, knowledge transfer centres will be the key drivers for an effective data input and sustainable plant health. Integration of precision farming with latest information and communications technology (ICT), advanced automation for need based/site-specific use of biostimulants to combat biotic and abiotic stress, on-field plant pathogen remote sensors and their extended new tool applications for soil and phytosanitory inspections at port of entry points are some of the overarching comprehensive strategies planned for the future. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship The authors gratefully acknowledge the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs (DAERA), Northern Ireland for facilitating this literature review process through an Evidence and Innovation project 16/3/11, (activity 48125) and the European Commission funding via EU FP7-BIOFECTOR Grant (Agreement No. 312117), administered at Agri-Food & Biosciences Institute (AFBI), (www.afbini.gov.uk) to support plant health research. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Scholars.Direct en_US
dc.rights Copyright: © 2020 The Authors. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. en_US
dc.subject Biological control en_US
dc.subject Crops en_US
dc.subject Trees en_US
dc.subject Diseases en_US
dc.subject Alternative biopesticides en_US
dc.title Challenges and Opportunities for Management of Crop and Tree Diseases in Northern Ireland en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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