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Pestivirus Apparent Prevalence in Sheep and Goats in Northern Ireland: A Serological Survey

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dc.contributor.author Campbell, Emma
dc.contributor.author McConville, James
dc.contributor.author Clarke, Joe
dc.contributor.author Donaghy, Aoibheann
dc.contributor.author Moyce, Asa
dc.contributor.author Byrne, Andrew W.
dc.contributor.author Verner, Sharon
dc.contributor.author Strain, Sam
dc.contributor.author McKeown, Ignatius M.
dc.contributor.author Borne, Paul
dc.contributor.author Guelbenzu-Gonzalo, Maria
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-03T10:45:44Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-03T10:45:44Z
dc.date.issued 2021-01-12
dc.identifier http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12518/210
dc.identifier.citation Campbell, E., McConville, J., Clarke, J., Donaghy, A., Moyce, A., Byrne, A. W., Verner, S., Strain, S., McKeown, I. M., Borne, P. and Guelbenzu‐Gonzalo, M. (2021) ‘Pestivirus apparent prevalence in sheep and goats in Northern Ireland: A serological survey’, Veterinary Record. Wiley, 188(1), pp. 42–48. doi: 10.1002/vetr.1. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0042-4900
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1002/vetr.1
dc.description Publication history: Accepted - 30 October 2020; Published - 12 January 2021. en_US
dc.description.abstract Background: Bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) and border disease virus (BDV) can cause significant health problems in ruminants and economic impacts for farmers. The aim of this study was to evaluate pestivirus exposure in Northern Ireland sheep and goat flocks, and to compare findings with a previous study from the region. Methods: Up to 20 animals were sampled from 188 sheep and 9 goat flocks (n = 3,418 animals; 3,372 sheep and 46 goats) for pestivirus antibodies. Differentiation of the causative agent in positive samples was inferred using serum neutralisation. Abortion samples from 177 ovine cases were tested by BVDV reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and antigen ELISA. Results: Apparent animal and flock (one antibody positive animal within a flock) prevalence was 1.7% and 17.3%, respectively, a statistically significant drop in apparent prevalence since a survey in 1999. 52.6% of samples testing positive had higher antibody titres to BVDV than to BDV. Of the ovine abortion samples, only one positive foetal fluid sample was detected by ELISA. Conclusion: The present study found that, since 1999, there has been a decrease in apparent animal and flock prevalence of 3.7 and 12.8 percentage points respectively, suggesting pestivirus prevalence has decreased across Northern Ireland between 1999 and 2018. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship This research was funded by the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher British Veterinary Association en_US
dc.rights © The Authors, 2021.Reuse of this manuscript version (excluding any databases, tables, diagrams, photographs and other images or illustrative material included where a another copyright owner is identified) is permitted strictly pursuant to the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 International (CC-BY-NC 4.0) en_US
dc.subject Bovine Viral Diarrhoea en_US
dc.subject Border Disease en_US
dc.subject Pestivirus en_US
dc.subject Northern Ireland en_US
dc.subject Eradication en_US
dc.title Pestivirus Apparent Prevalence in Sheep and Goats in Northern Ireland: A Serological Survey en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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