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Newborn traits associated with pre-weaning growth and survival in piglets

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dc.contributor.author Nuntapaitoon, Morakot
dc.contributor.author Muns, Ramon
dc.contributor.author Tummaruk, Padet
dc.date.accessioned 2021-06-16T09:00:27Z
dc.date.available 2021-06-16T09:00:27Z
dc.date.issued 2017-07-17
dc.identifier http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12518/285
dc.identifier.citation Nuntapaitoon, M., Muns, R. and Tummaruk, P. (2018) ‘Newborn traits associated with pre-weaning growth and survival in piglets’, Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 31(2), pp. 237–244. doi: 10.5713/ajas.16.0962. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1011-2367
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.16.0962
dc.description Publication history: Accepted - 10 July 2017; Published online - 17 July 2017. en_US
dc.description.abstract Objective: Piglet pre-weaning mortality is an important variable indicating the efficacy of farrowing management and animal well-being during lactation. The present study determined the association of newborn traits measured soon after birth with piglet pre-weaning mortality and growth. Methods: In total, 805 piglets born from 57 multiparous sows were investigated. Their blood oxygen saturation, blood glucose and rectal temperature at 24 h after birth (RT24h) were monitored. Birth order, sex, skin color, integrity of the umbilical cord, attempts to stand and birth intervention were monitored. Piglets were weighed at day 0, 7, and 21 to evaluate average daily gain (ADG). Results: Piglet pre-weaning mortality for lactation period was 12.6% and cumulative mortality during the first 7 days of age was 8.6%. A higher proportion of piglets with pale skin color died compared to piglets with normal skin color (26.7% vs 7.7%, p<0.001). A higher (p<0.001) proportion of piglets that attempted to stand after 5 min (38.5%) died compared to piglets that attempted to stand within 1 min (6.3%) after birth. Piglet body weight at birth (BWB), blood glucose and the number of piglets born alive (BA) were correlated with ADG (p<0.05). Piglets with BWB <1.30 kg had higher (p<0.001) mortality rate than piglets with BWB≥1.80 kg (19.0% vs 3.3%) and piglets with BWB 1.30 to 1.79 kg (4.0%). Piglet with RT24h <37.0°C had higher (p<0.001) mortality rate (86.2%) than piglets with RT24h >38.5°C (3.9%). Conclusion: Low BWB and low RT24h compromise piglet survival during the lactation period in the tropical conditions. Piglets in the litters with a high BA, low BWB and low blood glucose have reduced ADG. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Financial support for the present study was provided by a grant for International Research Integration: Chula Research Scholar, Ratchadaphiseksomphot Endowment Fund. M. Nuntapaitoon is a grantee of the Research and Researchers for Industries (RRI) Ph.D. program and the Thailand Research Fund, and part of the research grant was supported by the Rachadapisek Sompote Endowment Fund for the 90th Anniversary of Chulalongkorn University. Ramon Muns was supported by the Rachadapisek Sompote Endowment Fund for Postdoctoral Fellowship by Chulalongkorn University. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Asian-Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies(AAAP) en_US
dc.rights Copyright © 2018 by Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. en_US
dc.subject Average Daily Gain en_US
dc.subject Birth Weight en_US
dc.subject Mortality en_US
dc.subject Newborn Traits en_US
dc.subject Pig en_US
dc.title Newborn traits associated with pre-weaning growth and survival in piglets en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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