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Black Border Increases Stomoxys calcitrans Catch on White Sticky Traps

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dc.contributor.author Murchie, Archie K.
dc.contributor.author Hall, Carol E.
dc.contributor.author Gordon, Alan Wesley
dc.contributor.author Clawson, Sam
dc.date.accessioned 2021-06-23T10:37:28Z
dc.date.available 2021-06-23T10:37:28Z
dc.date.issued 2018-02-02
dc.identifier http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12518/294
dc.identifier.citation (2018) ‘Black Border Increases Stomoxys calcitrans Catch on White Sticky Traps’, Insects, 9(1), p. 13. doi: 10.3390/insects9010013. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2075-4450
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.3390/insects9010013
dc.description Publication history: Accepted - 1 February 2018; Published online: 2 February 2018 en_US
dc.description.abstract Stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans, is a biting fly that can cause severe irritation to livestock resulting in reduced productivity. The most common method of monitoring S. calcitrans is through the use of sticky traps and many designs have been developed using different colours and materials such as alsynite fibreglass and polypropylene sheeting. Laboratory experiments and some field experimentation have demonstrated that colour contrast can attract S. calcitrans. However, this response has not been fully utilised in trap design. To test that simple colour contrast could increase trap efficacy, white sticky traps were mounted on three differently coloured backgrounds (white, yellow, and black) and positioned at five sites on a mixed livestock farm. White sticky traps on a black background caught significantly more S. calcitrans than the yellow or white backgrounds. An incidental result was that Pollenia sp. were caught in greater numbers on the yellow framed traps. The reasons for S. calcitrans attraction to black–white contrast are most likely due to conspicuousness in the environment although the extent to which flies are using this feature as a host-location cue or a perching site are unknown. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship This project was funded by the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs (Northern Ireland) through the Evidence and Innovation Strategy (Project 16/3/07-48109). en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher MDPI en_US
dc.rights © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). en_US
dc.subject stable fly en_US
dc.subject trap en_US
dc.subject contrast en_US
dc.subject farmyard en_US
dc.subject Pollenia en_US
dc.subject livestock en_US
dc.title Black Border Increases Stomoxys calcitrans Catch on White Sticky Traps en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dcterms.dateAccepted 2018-02-01
dcterms.dateSubmitted 2017-12-16


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