Planning and licensing for marine aquaculture

dc.contributor.authorFalconer, Lynne
dc.contributor.authorCutajar, Karl
dc.contributor.authorKrupandan, Amalia
dc.contributor.authorCapuzzo, Elisa
dc.contributor.authorRichard A. Corner, Richard A.
dc.contributor.authorEllis, Tim
dc.contributor.authorJeffery, Keith
dc.contributor.authorMikkelsen, Eirik
dc.contributor.authorMoore, Heather
dc.contributor.authorFrancis X. O'Beirn, Francis X.
dc.contributor.authorO'Donohoe, Pauline
dc.contributor.authorRuane, Neil M.
dc.contributor.authorShilland, Robyn
dc.contributor.authorTett, Paul
dc.contributor.authorTelfer, Trevor C.
dc.descriptionPublication history: Accepted - 22 December 2022; Published online - 11 January 2023.
dc.description.abstractMarine aquaculture has the potential to increase its contribution to the global food system and provide valuable ecosystem services, but appropriate planning, licensing and regulation systems must be in place to enable sustainable development. At present, approaches vary considerably throughout the world, and several national and regional investigations have highlighted the need for reforms if marine aquaculture is to fulfil its potential. This article aims to map and evaluate the challenges of planning and licensing for growth of sustainable marine aquaculture. Despite the range of species, production systems and circumstances, this study found a number of common themes in the literature; complicated and fragmented approaches to planning and licensing, property rights and the licence to operate, competition for space and marine spatial planning, emerging species and diversifying marine aquaculture production (seaweed production, Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture [IMTA], nutrient and carbon offsetting with aquaculture, offshore aquaculture and co-location and multiuse platforms), and the need to address knowledge gaps and use of decisionsupport tools. Planning and licensing can be highly complicated, so the UK is used as a case study to show more detailed examples that highlight the range of challenges and uncertainty that industry, regulators and policymakers face across interacting jurisdictions. There are many complexities, but this study shows that many countries have undergone, or are undergoing, similar challenges, suggesting that lessons can be learned by sharing knowledge and experiences, even across different species and production systems, rather than having a more insular focus.
dc.description.sponsorshipBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council; European Commission; Horizon 2020 Framework Programme, Grant/Award Numbers: GA 774426, GA 818173; Natural Environment Research Council; Norges Forskningsråd, Grant/Award Number: 294799
dc.identifier.citationFalconer, L., Cutajar, K., Krupandan, A., Capuzzo, E., Corner, R.A., Ellis, T., Jeffery, K., Mikkelsen, E., Moore, H., O’Beirn, F.X., O’Donohoe, P., Ruane, N.M., Shilland, R., Tett, P. and Telfer, T.C. (2023) ‘Planning and licensing for marine aquaculture’, Reviews in Aquaculture. Wiley. Available at:
dc.identifier.issn1753-5131 (electronic)
dc.rights© 2023 The Authors. Reviews in Aquaculture published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
dc.subjectaquaculture planning
dc.subjectenvironmental management
dc.subjectsustainable development
dc.titlePlanning and licensing for marine aquaculture
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