Farm Biosecurity Measures and Interventions with an Impact on Bacterial Biofilms

dc.contributor.authorButucel, Eugenia
dc.contributor.authorBalta, Igori
dc.contributor.authorMcCleery, David
dc.contributor.authorMorariu, Florica
dc.contributor.authorPet, Ioan
dc.contributor.authorPopescu, Cosmin Alin
dc.contributor.authorStef, Lavinia
dc.contributor.authorCorcionivoschi, Nicolae
dc.descriptionPublication history: Accepted - 16 August 2022; Published - 18 August 2022.en_US
dc.description.abstractFarm biosecurity management includes a set of practical measures used to prevent and limit the spread of infections to humans and animals. Infections, predominantly caused by zoonotic agents, often occur due to a lack of safety standards monitoring on farms, but also because of the use of inappropriate antimicrobial products leading to bacterial resistance, tolerance to biocides and the emergence antimicrobial-resistant germs. To date, research was mainly focused on studying the antimicrobial resistance in bacterial biofilms and the mechanisms involved in their occurrence. At molecular level, the limited diffusion of biocides in the biofilm matrix, enzyme-mediated resistance, genetic adaptation, efflux pumps, and levels of metabolic activity inside the biofilm are some of the investigated biological mechanisms which can promote antimicrobial resistance in biofilms were also investigated. Interventions, based on the identification of novel antimicrobial compounds, that would exclude the occurrence of bacterial tolerance, including essential oils (oregano, cloves), organic acids (tannic & oleic acid) and natural plant compounds (e.g. alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins and coumarins) were also extensively studied and reviewed given their effectiveness against pathogen-produced biofilms. The aim of this review was emphasize the importance of biosecurity and farm management practices and to assess their impact on bacterial biofilm formation. Furthermore, we present the recent intervention strategies aimed at reducing and combating the formation of bacterial biofilms in livestock farms.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipEnvirontech, Dublin, Ireland - funding the PhD of Eugenia Butucel. Grant number 49650.en_US
dc.identifier.citationButucel, E., Balta, I., McCleery, D., Morariu, F., Pet, I., Popescu, C.A., Stef, L. and Corcionivoschi, N. (2022) ‘Farm Biosecurity Measures and Interventions with an Impact on Bacterial Biofilms’, Agriculture. MDPI AG. Available at:
dc.identifier.issn2077-0472 (electronic)
dc.rightsCopyright: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// 4.0/).en_US
dc.subjectfarm biosecurityen_US
dc.subjectinfection control and preventionen_US
dc.subjectanti-biofilm strategiesen_US
dc.subjectsustainable livestocken_US
dc.titleFarm Biosecurity Measures and Interventions with an Impact on Bacterial Biofilmsen_US
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